Cholera is one of the fastest killer disease especially in Africa where simple basic hygiene is not strictly adhere to. We have high cases of cholera mostly in rural areas and this has become an issue that is neglected by most people. Children are the most affected age groups and adults are not excluded. There are basic safety hygiene practices that can go a long way to help curb the high cases of cholera. One of the basic tool is communication.
Communication through educating children and parents on safety practices to help curb cholera will go a long way to reduce its high cases. Education seminars can be organized to teach different age groups in their local dialect on how to prevent cholera and the information transferred will be vital. Most of our villages do not have standard toilets or pit latrines and then results to open defecation. Open defecation is one of the fastest ways in which cholera can be easily contacted. Open defecation also pollutes the environment making it unsafe for its inhabitants. Since most of our village’s especially in Nigeria do not have toilets, they result to open defection which can spread cholera easily. There is need to constantly educate people to build an affordable pit latrine that can be used for defecation. It is hygienic to wash our hands with soap and clean water after using the toilet but most people ignore this and this can also result to easy cholera infection.
Ways To Avoid Contacting Cholera;
1. Food Items
Food items bought from the markets and eaten without proper washing can also spread cholera easily. People buy food items from the market without washing them properly before cooking or eaten. It is very important that our food items such as vegetables, fruits and lots more are washed properly before eaten.
Water is another essential resource needed to help curb cholera. Most of our villages in rural areas do not have good water or pipe borne water to get clean water. They get their water mostly from streams, which is unclean and unfit for drinking. Since they can’t have access to good water, they make use of the only option they have which is fetching water from the stream which most times people defecates on it and this contaminates the water. This water is mostly used for cooking, drinking and bathing which can also spread cholera and other skin infection easily. In order to avoid contacting cholera make sure that water collected from the streams are well heated before consumption.
3. Proper Cleaning
Safety clean up rules should also be observed in our homes. A lot of people leave their homes unclean especially the kitchen and toilets. It is necessary to clean up the bathrooms after using it to enable another person to use it without getting infected with cholera. Our kitchens have to be neat and clean at all times. Ensure that your food are cooked well, especially sea foods. Make sure that they are properly covered and it’s served hot. (cleanliness and orderliness is a major factor that should be in place)
4. Basic Needs & Information
Government agencies and private organizations should also help in providing basic important needs like toilets and organize seminars to educate people living in rural areas and in unclean places including our urban areas on safety practices to prevent cholera.