Why should you care?

From the production of red blood cells to the control of blood pressure, osmo-regulation, balancing of chemicals and minerals. The kidney is without a doubt a vital organ. Abnormalities in its function can lead to devastating health implications.

What Are Kidney Stones?

They are hard deposit of minerals and acid salts formed in the kidney. They are formed by excess crystal forming substances such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid (more than the urine can dilute).

Types Of Kidney Stones

They’re basically four types of kidney stones namely;
– Calcium oxalate Stones.
– Calcium phosphate Stones.
– Struvite stones.
– Cystine stones.


There is no one particular cause of kidney stone but they are various risk factors which might eventually lead to kidney stone.

1. Dehydration.
Dehydration is regarded as the most common factor leading to kidney stone. Dehydration is the loss and removal of water from the body system. This makes the urine concentrated and unable to dilute crystal forming substances such as oxalate, calcium e. t. c.

2. Heredity.
You are far more likely to have kidney stone if it’s occurs in your family.

3. Diets.
Food rich in sodium, animal protein and sugar may increase the chance of kidney stone. Especially sodium because it facilitates the re-absorption of calcium which is a crystal forming substance.

4. Diseases
Renal tubular acidosis, cystinuria, chronic diarrhea may increase the chances of kidney stone because they facilitate the re-absorption of calcium ions and water.


Severe Pain in the back, belly, ribs and side
– Pain or burning sensation during urination
– Blood in the urine
– pus in the urine
– Cloudy and foul-smelling urine
– Urinating in small amount
– persistent urge to urinate
– Nausea and vomiting
– Fever and chills.
– Urinating frequently (too much).


1. Hydration.
Health practitioners commonly recommend we drink two liters of water daily. It’s no news that water is the most nutritious and beneficial fluid on earth but it is overwhelming how little people make use of this information. Water is good for the body don’t just say! it drink it! Drinking a lot of water makes the urine dilute enough to dissolve crystal forming substances which reduces the chance of having kidney stone.

2. Increase calcium intake is advised.
Food rich in Calcium are milk, yogurt, cheese, sardine, almond, soya milk, dried figs, beans, tofu, seeds, kale, sweet potatoes, okra, oranges e.t.c. They help prevent kidney stone because calcium ions are not re-absorbed.

3. Reduce sodium intake.
Sodium rich food such as cake, pie, pizza e.t.c should be avoided because it triggers the re-absorption of calcium in the kidney.

4. Reduce animal proteins.
Animal proteins such as poultry, red meats, eggs, bison, fish e.t.c. increases the concentration of uric acid and reduces the citrate level in the kidney which helps inhibit the formation of kidney stones.

5. Enjoy lemonade or lemon juice.
Potassium citrate are important allies in the fight against kidney stones because they prevent the formation of kidney stones by stopping the crystal forming substances from binding together and inhibits the growth of already present ones. Lemon juice are good source of potassium citrate. They also have low sugar content which is essential.

The importance of kidney in the body cannot be over emphasised and as such it is incumbent on us to make it stay healthy, pristine and unharmed.

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